In attempting to make sense of the social world, social constructionists view knowledge as constructed as opposed to created. This paper discusses how social constructionists construct knowledge and argues that social constructionism is concerned with the nature of knowledge and how it is created and as such, it is unconcerned with ontological issues.
Part 1 The Social Construction of Race Race is defined as a category or group of people having hereditary traits that set them apart. Sociologists and other social scientists believe that race is a socially constructed concept.
It is an idea that was created in society to justify inequality. Race is a modern concept. In ancient times, people were more likely to be divided according to religion, language, lineage, and nationality.
In ancient Greece, for instance, people were divided by language and culture rather than physical differences.
Africans, who may have looked different physically, were accepted into their society as long as they adopted the customs and language of Greek culture. So where exactly does the idea of race originate? The racial categories used at this time were: Throughout the centuries to follow, the concept of race was used as a means of justifying superiority and colonization.
Geneticists point out that race is not a valid concept. What makes us appear physically different is determined by one-tenth of one percent of our genetic make-up!!
Even these differences can be arbitrary or unclearly defined. While it is true that some people have different skin color, geneticists point out that the physical traits used to classify people into different races skin color, eye color, hair texture, facial features are more varied within a race than between races.
In other words, if you were to look at a group of people who are considered Caucasian, you would find more physical differences within that group than you would between a group of Caucasians and a group of African Americans. Also, using skin color as a means of classification can be confusing.
Some Caucasians, for instance, have darker skin than people who are considered African American. Some Hispanics, who consider themselves white, have skin color that is darker than African Americans.
Usually, we consider ancestry as a means of classification.
The Social Construction of Imported Technologies: Reflections on the Social History of Technology in Modern Korea Hyungsub Choi Technology and Culture, Volume 58, Number 4, . What We Mean When We Say 'Race Is a Social Construct' In a world where Kevin Garnett, Harold Ford, and Halle Berry all check "black" on the census, even the argument that racial labels refer to. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [Peter L. Berger, Thomas Luckmann] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Called the fifth-most important sociological book of the 20th century by the International Sociological Association/5(90).
However, as researchers have pointed out, this can be inaccurate as well. Throughout the centuries, humans have been interbreeding for so many years that it is virtually impossible for a pure race to exist. Considering this, most sociologists point out that race is something we have made up.
People may look different from one another, but that has more to do with geography than it does biology. Typically, people from warmer climates have darker skin because they have a higher concentration of the pigment known as melanin.
This pigment helps protect the body by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.
It acts as a shield which protects the body from getting skin cancer or melanoma. This is why people with lighter skin color are at a greater risk of developing skin cancer.
Skin Color Adaptation So if race is a social construction, where did it originate?
The idea of race in the United States has changed somewhat over time. It stated that if a person had one drop of African blood in their ancestry, they were African American. This rule was only applied to people with African ancestry and indicates the deep roots of racism in American history.
We still tend to classify race along the same lines today. If a person has even a small percentage of black ancestry, it is more visible. His mother is from Thailand.
Woods rejected the classification system that has been used in the U. There are numerous stereotypes for people of all racial and ethnic categories.
While most of these stereotypes are negative, the stereotypes for some groups are much more damaging than others. For instance, whites have always been stereotyped as being racist, greedy, and bad dancers. Compare this to some of the more damaging stereotypes of African Americans which include uneducated, lazy, and unemployable.
Clearly, these stereotypes are much more damaging.
Some say that stereotypes are based on actual patterns of behaviors.The Social Construction Of Rea Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay and over 50, other term papers. into our daily routines, the reality of everyday life integrates the foreign information into what is more natural and understood.
Letters can be included with application packet or sent directly to Poudre Valley REA. Photo of yourself. Preferably a senior or professional-looking picture that will be featured in the Colorado Country Life magazine, social media and our website.
Social Construction of Self: Observational Essay Social constructionists believe that a great deal, if not all, of our lived experience and the world we inhabit is socially constructed (Hacking, ).
The Social Construction of Imported Technologies: Reflections on the Social History of Technology in Modern Korea Hyungsub Choi Technology and Culture, Volume 58, Number 4, .
Published: Fri, 28 Apr ‘Explain how crime can be considered as a social construction and contrast this with legal definition of crime.’ ‘Our nation, from the start, has been divided by class, race, national origin and has endured class conflicts throughout history’ (Zinn as cited in Welch, ).
Social Construction of Gender Essay Social Construction of Gender Today’s society plays a very important role in the construction of gender. Gender is a type of issue that has raised many questions over the years in defining and debating if both male and female are equal.