Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. The influence of Roman law would long outlast the empire. The basis of Roman society, as proclaimed by the laws, was the family, headed by a pater familias, who had power over his dependents.
Many of these similarities and differences were political, social, and economical. Some differences included the contrasts of the forms of government, the spheres of influence for each empire, and the military expeditions led by the empires.
These similarities and differences portrayed the parallels that showed their power and the differences that marked them as separate.
The Martial Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty and Octavian, later known as Augustus Caesar, both have corresponding achievements that were both good for their respective empires.
Both rulers reorganized the army and gained much land. Augustus Caesar gained more land for Rome than any other Roman ruler. Han Wudi achieved the most land for China than any other previous ruler as well.
Augustus Caesar gave more self-government to their provinces and districts to maintain order. This was also so that they could focus on their empires as a whole rather than worry about local affairs. Han Wudi did something similar when he sent imperial officers to implement his policies and maintain order in administrative provinces and districts.
Both rulers created large bureaucracies to administer their empires and they both worked strenuously to increase the authority and prestige of the central government.
They both encouraged the construction of institutional frameworks that promoted the long-term survival of their own respective cultures.
During the Han Dynasty, women were to be submissive to their husbands and sons. They were also supposed to work hard in the home with very little reward. In the Roman Empire, women were to be loyal to their fathers and marry at a young age and to the man assigned to them by their father. However, in both the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire, some women had influence and power.
In the Han Dynasty, Ban Zhao went against convention and began writing professionally. Although she encouraged women to obey the Confucian social order, she also encouraged women to become industrious.
Although Roman law placed strict limits on the ability of women to receive inheritances, much like the Confucian social order, enforcement was inconsistent, and clever individuals found ways to evade the law or take advantage of its loopholes.
Women came to possess a great deal of property and many supervised the financial affairs of family businesses and wealthy estates. The trade during the time of the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty were very similar. Both the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire used the silk trade routes, particularly over land.
These trade routes were virtually the only thing that connected the two empires together. Other than these trade routes, the Roman Empire and China had no connections.
Both of these empires imposed military control over vast territories. They promoted trade and communication within their own empires, and fostered the spread of cultural and religious traditions to distant regions. The differences between the two empires were also prominent during the time of their corresponding existences.
One of the main differences between the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were their separate forms of government. In Rome, there were many different shifts in the type of government that existed.
First, a republic was established, in which freedom and the right to vote were given to the common people.
However, as the empire grew, it became evident that the constitution of the Roman republic, originally designed for a small city-state, was not suitable for a large and growing empire. Formal political power remained in the hands of a small, privileged class of people in Rome.
The need to administer conquered lands efficiently strained the capacities of the republican constitution.The Han and Roman empires were strong in the beginning but the Han Empire was unraveled by different factors.
Both the Roman and Han empires built major roads to help support a growing dependence on trade. As the Romans has a strong Roman ethic. The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of imperial China coexisted with Parthia and Kushan, spanning the mid-latitude of Eurasia and northern Africa.
The four empires maintained certain world order and stimulated the rise of transcontinental trade later known as the Silk Road. Rome and Han: A comparison of empires The Roman Empire is thought to be the primary foundation of Western culture and modes of government.
The Han and Roman empires were strong in the beginning but the Han Empire was unraveled by different factors. Both the Roman and Han empires built major roads to help support a growing dependence on trade. As the Romans has a strong Roman .