Contact Us Case Studies Case studies are an important tool in bioethics, especially in practical bioethics where the focus is on real issues in real life and real time. Case studies provide a roadmap for decision-making in future cases, help drive the development of new analysis and thought about complex medical and moral dilemmas, and are an effective way to bring bioethics alive for students, healthcare providers, administrators, attorneys and, even in some situations, patients and families. One of the central tasks of bioethics is to identify ethical problems in healthcare and then apply moral principles to help resolve those problems.
An introduction to the system of Jewish Law.
In many ways, the Jewish approach to medicine is the opposite of the secular approach. As I described in my in my previous articlemany ethical lapses over the past century have been the result of placing the good of society before the good of the individual.
In Jewish theology, the individual is of paramount importance. For the first time, the individual could no longer be sacrificed for the group.
Murder became not just a crime against man but a sin against God. The Torah2 tells us that "God created man in His own image" to teach us that every individual person is Godly. If every person has the spark of God within him, how could we ever contemplate treating any individual with anything less than the utmost respect and dignity?
The Talmud teaches that the Almighty first created mankind as a single individual, rather than a group of people, to teach us that one who saves a single life saves a world, and one who destroys a single life, destroys an entire world.
Practical Ramifications We see that the individual is of intrinsic importance manifested in Jewish law in a multitude of areas. For example, an innocent person's life may never be sacrificed to save someone else or even a group of people.
Nevertheless, although we recognize the validity and necessity for triage and rationing in some situations, we do not sacrifice one person's life to save someone else's life. If two people are drowning and we can only save one, or if several people need a medicine and we only have enough for one, what do we do?
Mainstream Jewish law would have us save one even if others will die. Although we choose to save a particular individual and others may die, we have not directly caused their deaths. However, we could not kill one person in order to save another, unless the party we are killing is a rodef, someone pursuing another to kill them see: Abortion in Jewish Law.
Regardless of how sick an individual may be, we may never harm him to save someone else.
While the secular word entertains the idea of removing organs from very ill patients by obtaining consent to withdraw life-support, halacha unequivocally rejects the idea of sacrificing the life of even the sickest patient to save the life of another.
This does not imply that halacha bars cadaveric or live organ donations, only that one may not kill one person to save another.
A General Approach 1. Good ethics start with good facts.Jan 08, · Her case has become a strange collision of law, medicine, the ethics of end-of-life care and the issues swirling around abortion — when life begins and how it should be valued.
New drugs are usually tested in animals before they're tested in humans. But many of those studies aren't done carefully enough, analysts say. So time and money is wasted, and treatments are delayed. Read This Important Article Before you Proceed to Solve Below Case Studies.
Read about Important Ethics Related Terms. Ethics Case Study – 1; Ethics Case Study – 2; Ethics Case Study – 3; Ethics Case Study – 4; Ethics Case Study – 5; Ethics Case Study – 6. The legal barrier to respecting Cassandra’s autonomy remains, but the ethics of the case are murky.
If this were a one-shot treatment—perhaps painful or uncomfortable but over quickly—it would be easy to conclude that forced medical treatment would do . S.N.
Case Title: 1: M-PESA: Kenya's Experiment with Branchless Banking. 2: TOMS: One for One Giving Model: 3: Cadbury's Relaunch of Caramel and Wispa: Reposing faith in Standalone brands? Key reporting guidelines, shaded green, are displayed first.
Show the most recently added records first.. 1; The reporting of studies conducted using observational routinely collected health data statement for pharmacoepidemiology (RECORD-PE).