Tyaga Mal was born in Amritsar in the early hours of 1 Aprilwho came to be known by the name Tegh Bahadur Mighty Of The Swordgiven to him by Guru Hargobind after he had shown his valour in a battle against the Mughals. As the seat of the Sikh Gurusand with its connection to Sikhs in far-flung areas of the country through the chains of Masands or missionaries, it had developed the characteristics of a state capital.
Sikh Gurus Nanak X. Returning to Patna inhe directed his family to return to the Punjab. On the site of the house at Patna in which Gobind Rai was born and where he spent his early childhood now stands a sacred shrine, Takht Sri Harimandar Sahib, one of the five most honoured seats of religious authority takht, lit.
Gobind Rai was escorted to Anandpur then known as Chakk Nanaki on the foothills of the Sivaliks where he reached in March and where his early education included reading and writing of Punjabi, Braj, Sanskrit and Persian.
He was barely nine years of age when a sudden Guru teg bahadur ji came in his life as well as in the life of tile community he was destined to lead.
Early ina group Kashmiri Brahmansdrivels to desperation by the religious fanaticism of the Mughals General, Iftikar Khan, visited Anandpur to seek Guru Tegh Bahadur's intercession.
As the Guru sat reflecting what to do, young Gobind Rai, arriving there in company with his playmates, asked Why he looked so preoccupied.
The father, as records Kuir Singh in his Gurbilas Patshahi 10, replied, "Grave are the burdens the earth bears. She will be redeemed only if a truly worthy person comes forward to lay down his head. Distress will then be expunged and happiness ushered in. Guru Tegh Bahadur soon aftenwards proceeded to the imperial capital, Delhi, and courted death on 11 November In the midst of his engagement with the concerns of the community, he gave attention to the mastery of physical skills and literary accomplishment.
He had grown into a comely youth spare, lithe of limb and energetic. He had a natural genius for poetic composition and his early years were assiduously given to this pursuit.
The poem depicted the legendary contest between the gods and the demons as described in the Markandeya Purana. The choice of a warlike theme for this and a number of his later compositions such as the two Chandi Charitras, mostly in Braj, was made to infuse martial spirit among his followers to prepare them to stand up against injustice and tyranny.
Much of Guru Gobind Singh's creative literary work was done at Paonta he had founded on the banks of the River Yamuna and to which site he had temporarily shifted in April Poetry as such was, however, not his aim. For him it was a means of revealing the divine principle and concretizing a personal vision of the Supreme Being that had been vouchsafed to him.
His Japu and the composition known as Akal Ustati are in this tenor. Through his poetry he preached love and equality and a strictly ethical and moral code of conduct.
He preached the worship of the One Supreme Being, deprecating idolatry and superstitious beliefs and observances. The glorification of the sword itself which he eulogized as Bhaguati was to secure fulfilment of God'sjustice. The sword was never meant as a symbol of aggression, and it was never to be used for self-aggrandizement.
It was the emblem of manliness and self-respect and was to be used only in self-defence, as a last resort.
When all other means have failed, It is but lawful to take to the sword. During his stay at Paonta, Guru Gobind Singh availed himself of his spare time to practise different forms of manly exercises, such as riding, swimming and archery.
His increasing influence among the people and the martial exercises of his men excited the jealousy of the neighbouring Rajpat hill rulers who led by Raja Fateh Chand of Garhval collected a host to attack him. Soon there after Guru Gobind Singh left Paonta and returned to Anandpur which he fortified in view of the continuing hostility of the Rajput chiefs as well as of the repressive policy of the imperial government at Delhi.
Describing the battle in stirring verse in Bachitra Natak, he said that Alif Khan fled in utter disarray "without being able to give any attention to his camp. Following the appointment in of the liberal Prince Muazzam later Emperor Bahadur Shah as viceroy of northwestern region including Punjab, there was however a brief respite from pressure from the ruling authority.
InGuru Gobind Singh issued directions to Sikh sangats or communities in different parts not to acknowledge masands, the local ministers, against whom he had heard complaints. Sikhs, he instructed, should come to Anandpur straight without any intermediaries and bring their offerings personally.
The Guru thus established direct relationship with his Sikhs and addressed them as his Khalsa, Persian term used for crown-lands as distinguished from feudal chiefs.The tenth and the last Guru or Prophet-teacher of the Sikh faith, was born Gobind Rai Sodhi on Poh 7, sk/22 December at Patna, in benjaminpohle.com father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the Ninth Guru, was then travelling across Bengal and Assam.
Returning to Patna in . Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ), the founder and first Guru of Sikhism, was born in the year,, in village Talwandi of the Punjab province in the Indian subcontinent.
The village, now known as Nankana Sahib, is situated near the city of Lahore in present day Pakistan. Sikhs over the world celebrate the auspicious occasion of Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s birth on the. Guru Tegh Bahadur (Punjabi pronunciation: [ɡʊru teɣ bəhɑdʊɾ]; 1 April – 24 November ,) was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh benjaminpohle.com Bahadur continued in the spirit of the first guru, Nanak; his poetic hymns are registered in Guru Granth benjaminpohle.com Tegh Bahadur resisted the forced conversions of Kashmiri Pandits and non-Muslims to Islam, and was publicly beheaded.
Guru Har Krishan' ([ɡʊru həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 7 July – 30 March ) was the eighth of the ten Sikh benjaminpohle.com the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October , succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai.
He contracted smallpox and died of the disease in before reaching his 8th birthday.. He is also known as Bal Guru (Child Guru), and sometimes spelled in Sikh. benjaminpohle.com provide services on vastu shastra, Indian Vastu Solutions, Free Vastu Consultancy services, vastu home, vastu house, vastu consultant, vastu for office, vastu home plans, vastu bedroom, vastu consultancy services, vastu for flats, vastu living and vastu for peaceful life.
Guru Granth Closing Ceremony Introduction to Guru Granth Closing Ceremony. The Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Guru Granth Sahib) is the Sikh Holy Scripture, and the closing ceremony of the Guru is known as ‘Sukhasan’ meaning ‘relaxed pose’ implying a posture or state of rest, peace and tranquillity.