Submit an article The Founding Fathers of Psychology Psychology has many founders whom contributed to influential thinking to the field. They are the most well-known pioneers and early founders who contributed their endeavors of better understanding to the psychological frailties.
Sunday, March 25, Comparing Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler Initially, Freud and Adler collaborated in the development of psychoanalytic theory, but the relationship became strained and they parted ways after years Corey, Freud had no tolerance for theories that diverged from his own and eventually Adler parted ways with him.
Whereas Freud believed sexual tension was one of the basic human drives, Adler believed people are motivated by social relationships. Both men, however, believed fundamental personality characteristics are born within the first six years of life Fisher, Freud believed instinctual forces drove humanity whereas Adler believed people can and do make conscious decisions.
He believed the conscious aspect of the human mind was a powerful component in creating goals, and making choices. Freud thought human behavior was determined mostly by the past, and people were not free to make choices, but were compelled to react to internal and unconscious directives Corey, Both men were prolific pioneers of psychoanalysis and early psychology.
Both had similar, although not identical beliefs that environmental forces such as biological and environmental conditions create limitations in the human "capacity to choose and to create" Corey,p.
Freud, however, believed these limitations played a much more influential role in human behavior than did Adler. Contemporary trends in psychoanalytic therapy aim to provide successful interventions in a shorter period of time. It is apparent to most students of psychological theory that these experiences weighed heavily in the development of his theories, especially that of the inferiority complex that he believed was highly influential in motivating human behavior Corey, Freud followed his own path from a deterministic view with the belief his choices were dictated by his heritage.
Of interest is the fact that one of the most creative times in his life was during an acute phase of psychiatric illness during which he suffered tremendous fear, phobias, and other "severe emotional problems" Corey,p.
Many, or perhaps most of his theories were based on self analysis - one reason many of his peers believed his theories were faulty, or at least, not an adequate general analysis of humankind. The development of both theorists may incline students to believe early development does, in fact, significantly influence lifelong development.
Although Adler believed people can change, the early development of these two men seems to have been a somewhat deterministic predictor of their lifelong work. The therapist summarizes and interprets information from the client and develops a treatment plan that includes freeing the client from overriding negative personal life narratives.
Adlerian therapists use the technique of uncovering the past, as does Freud, although Adlerian therapists uncover early recollections to more articulately understanding the client Corey, The relationship between the client and the Adlerian therapist "is based on cooperation, mutual trust, respect, confidence, collaboration, and goal alignment" Corey,p.
On the contrary, Freud believed the foundational role of the therapist was to encourage a transference relationship. The therapist must learn to react objectively to any ill effects or hostility toward the therapist because of the transference relationship Corey, Throughout this therapy, the psychoanalyst remains anonymous, in effect, to support the transference relationship.
As brain imaging techniques evolve, outcome research in psychotherapy takes on new understanding Lehtonen, Additionally, neurobiological research recently discovered through the mechanics of neuronal synapses demonstrates how "environmental factors can influence the formation of brain organization during the developmental years".
Adler did, however, contribute significant influence psychotherapy as a whole, and Corey believes his influence extends into the full range of contemporary therapies, but questions its reliability as a sole therapy. As neuroscience continues to give new definition and value to theories that were not measureable in their time, continued research and brain imaging will offer a deeper understanding of psychoanalysis.
Case approach to counseling and psychotherapy 7th ed.
Muskingum College Department of Psychology. Freud dictionary of psychoanalysis. Dimensions in the dialogue between psychoanalysis and neuroscience. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, 19 4 The theories of Freud, Jung and Adler: The work of Sigmund Freud.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 12 3In collaboration with Sigmund Freud and a small group of Freud's colleagues, Adler was among the co-founders of the psychoanalytic movement and a core member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society: indeed, to Freud he was "the only personality there".
Psychology has many founders whom contributed to influential thinking to the field. When hearing the names Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and William James, one thinks of the founding fathers of psychology.
Psychology has many founders whom contributed to influential thinking to the field.
When hearing the names Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and William James, one thinks of . Mar 20, · Adler Vs Freud. Who is Adler and who is Freud? Alfred Adler, an Austrian medical doctor and psychotherapist, turned out to be closely linked to Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychiatry who popularized theories of repression, defense mechanism and the unconscious mind/5(2).
Feb 28, · Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and William James were influential thinkers, early founders, and significant contributors to the modern science of psychology (Goodwin, ).
In collaboration with Sigmund Freud and a small group of Freud's colleagues, Adler was among the co-founders of the psychoanalytic movement and a core member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society: indeed, to Freud he was "the only personality there".