Compare and contrast the powers of the public police officer with those of the security professional in preventing and detecting either commercial burglary or fraud IFPO T
Include the following in your comparison A public criminal investigation is usually conducted by sworn state or federal police officers and laws that have been laid down by the constitution have to be followed in comparison to a private security sector investigation which is conducted by a private investigator who according to the law is a private citizen and does not use government resources to conduct a police investigation.
For private investigators however, several constitutional barriers do not hold water for example the use of the Miranda warning before witnesses to a case can give a warning Kadish, Unlike public investigators, private investigators are not obligated by the law to stick to a law.
The private investigators can perform any work that they are assigned by their clients and for whatever duration that the private investigator agrees with the client. Public investigators are usually assigned to specific precincts while private investigators are free to work for clients from different geographical areas McKenzie, Public investigators are usually assigned to specific departments in their work places for example; drug related crimes and investigations, prostitution related crimes investigations, fraud or homicide related cases.
Private investigators are free to work on cases that are from any different field for example one private investigator can be found working on cases on fraud, homicide, prostitution, kidnapping and fraud. This is unlike the case for public investigators who are bound by the law who are bound by the law to report any criminal activity that they might stumble upon while carrying out their public criminal investigation.
If such public investigators were to fail to report criminal activities that they come across, they might be charged with withholding information charges which are liable to prosecution in a criminal court.
Usually, public investigators have the best interest of the public while private investigators are supposed to have the best interest of their clients Kadish, The differences and similarities between sectors, including the methods of operation during criminal investigations and the chain of command For the public investigators, investigations have to follow a certain protocol for example before a suspect has been arrested, he or she should be first be issued with a warrant of arrest For public investigation professionals, ranks usually determine the chain of command for an investigation.
In Americacentralized states usually have public investigators departments while decentralized states usually have different bureaus of investigations. The chain of command differs in different States but the chain of command should always be followed when addressing a crime.
In comparison, most private investigators usually work alone or with several partners. All the members of private investigation teams are usually licensed, and it is up to the individuals to determine the duties that each one of them is supposed to perform unlike with public investigators where policies have already been put in place and duties are usually already allocated to members of a public investigation.
At least two situations where private and public investigators must interact. Public and private investigators always interact when it comes to gathering evidence or intelligence in a case especially one that might involve assault or a homicide whereby both need details of the crime from an expert in a certain field like the medical examiner who was authorized to examine a witness or a victim.
Public and private investigators must also interact when it comes to presenting evidence in a court of law. In various cases, the public and private investigators share intelligence on cases but they are careful on the way that they share it for example most avoid documents that may be used against the other Mckenzie, Sources of information both unique and common to each sector.
Both private and public investigators source their information from witnesses that are available on a case and from crime scene investigation experts who might be specialized in forensics and from media and technical experts related to a particular case and field.
Public investigators have the unique source of information of the office of the public district attorney and being the first individuals that are informed of a crime according to the law. Private investigators have to apply for information from public offices of the law and follow a proper channel in order to get the information Morn, Explain scientific methods used by both sectors to investigate crimes.
Both public and private investigators use forensic scientists to cover crime scene areas. Public and private investigators also use scientists that are experts in technical fields like computer forensics technicians who can be able to trace evidence of information technology nature, uncommon for an ordinary individual without proper computer technology training.
Other methods include the use of profilers who use evidence from crime scenes to determine the profile of crime perpetrators such as their supposed age, race, occupation and social skills.
Such kind of profiling can assist investigator to narrow down on a large number of suspects that are on a particular case Mckenzie, Identify challenges or potential issues of investigations that cross jurisdictions The presenting of information that might not be substantiated by evidence and the proper paper work by a public investigator might pose a potential legal problem.
A private investigator has no jurisdiction to arrest an individual. If a private investigator had evidence that would lead to arrest of an individual, they would have to present it to a public investigator so that he or she can make the rest because he or she the public investigator has jurisdiction to do so.
On the other hand, public investigators have the jurisdiction to make an arrest of individual for whose an arrest warrant has been issued by a court of law Morn, Provide an example of an actual case that highlights aspects of both security and criminal investigations based on your comparison.
A good example of an actual case highlighting security and criminal investigations is the FBI-IBM case in which there was a joint sting in which an industrial espionage which has been documented as one of the biggest espionage cases was conducted.Conflicts.
There are conflicts between the public and private security sectors. Currently, private sector security officers far outnumber public sector security.
Private investigation, law enforcement, security and military experience can substitute for education for aspiring criminal investigators.
However, candidates become more competitive with a four-year degree in forensics, criminal justice, sociology or psychology. Compare and contrast the powers of the public police officer with those of the security professional in preventing and detecting either commercial burglary or fraud.
earlier in this essay the differences between the public police officer and the security professional. special policeforces and private- security and investigators.
Arnhem. Public and Private Investigation Major differences between public criminal investigations and investigators and those in the private security sector.
Include the following in your comparison A public criminal investigation is usually conducted by sworn state or federal police officers and laws that have been laid down by the constitution have to be followed in comparison to a private security. Write a 1, to 1,word paper identifying the major differences between public criminal investigations and investigators and their private security counterparts.
Include the following in your comparison: The foundational elements of a crime The differences and similarities between sectors, including the methods of operation during criminal investigations and issues of chain of command. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INVESTIGATIONS 1 Differences Between Public and Private Sector Investigations Tuan Tran Bellevue University Author Note Tuan Tran, Security Management Bachelors Program, Bellevue University Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Tuan Tran, Security Management Bachelors Program, Bellevue University.
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