Background[ edit ] Since the middle of the 18th century Cuba had been the crown jewel of the Spanish colonial empire. In the late 19th century, Cuban nationalist revolutionaries rebelled against Spanish dominance, resulting in three liberation wars:
This week, we look back at the events that unfolded and at the key players whose covert performances played out for all the world to see. Descent from the Mountains In the s, a young, charismatic Cuban nationalist named Fidel Castro led a guerrilla army against the forces of General Fulgencio Batista from a base camp deep within the Sierra Maestra Mountains, the largest mountain range in Cuba.
After three years of guerrilla warfare, Castro and his ragtag army descended from the mountains and entered Havana on January 1,forcing Batista to flee the country. Many wealthy Americans lived in Cuba and had established thriving businesses there.
Bay of pigs FebruaryCuba signed an agreement to buy oil from the Soviet Union. When the US-owned refineries in the country refused to process the Bay of pigs, Castro seized the firms, and the US broke off diplomatic relations with the Cuban regime.
To the chagrin of the Eisenhower administration, Castro established increasingly close ties with the Soviet Union while delivering fiery condemnations of the US.
Castro and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev signed a series of pacts that resulted in large deliveries of economic and military aid in Within a year, Castro proclaimed himself a communist, formally allied his country with the Soviet Union, and seized remaining American and foreign-owned assets.
The establishment of a Communist state 90 miles off the coast of Florida raised obvious security concerns in Washington and did not sit well with President Eisenhower. Eisenhower authorized the CIA to conduct a covert operation to rid the island of its self-appointed leader.
It would train and equip the exiles to infiltrate Cuba and start a revolution to ignite an uprising across the island and overthrow Castro. At least that was the intended outcome.
Top US Government officials watched as their decisions led to an entirely different outcome: Once there, they received training in weapons, infantry tactics, land navigation, amphibious assault tactics, team guerrilla operations, and paratrooping.
The pilots were trained at an air training base in Guatemala. Unbeknownst to the trainers, although likely suspected, sprinkled amongst the recruits were double-agents, working in tandem for Castro, sharing the intelligence that they collected on the upcoming invasion.
The Plan For simplicity, the Bay of Pigs invasion plan can be broken down into three phases: The cover story for these bombings was simple. Allegedly, they would become disgruntled, take their aircrafts, shoot up their own air force bases, and then fly to the US to defect.
This first airstrike was supposed to take place two days prior to the invasion phase three. B training Phase Two: The Brigade would invade Cuba by sea and air.
Some members would invade Cuba on the beaches of Trinidad; others would parachute in farther inland. The Brigade pilots would fly air cover missions over the beach. The old colonial city of Trinidad was chosen as the invasion site because it offered many significant features.
It was an anti-Castro town with existing counter-revolutionary groups. It had good port facilities. The beachhead was easily defensible and, should the Brigade need to execute their escape plan, the Escambray Mountains were there to offer solitude.
He was adamant the hand of the US Government remain hidden at all costs. Kennedy thought changing the invasion site from Trinidad would make future deniability of US involvement more plausible, so he gave the CIA four days to come up with a new one. And so, a month before the operation was set to get underway, the landing location changed from Trinidad to the Bay of Pigs.
He knew the land like the back of his hand. He vacationed there frequently and invested in the Cuban peasants surrounding the bay, garnering their loyalty and admiration. Additionally, the Escambray Mountains, the designated escape site, was 50 miles away through hostile territory.
The bay was also far from large groups of civilians, a necessary commodity for instigating an uprising, which may be a moot point, as the bay was surrounded by the largest swamp in Cuba, making it physically impossible for any Cubans wanting to join the revolt to actually do so.Gateway to Tampa Bay area news, weather, radar, sports, traffic, and more.
From WTVT-TV/DT FOX 13, the most powerful name in local news. Bay of Pigs Invasion The Bay of Pigs invasion was intended to provoke popularity for an uprising against Fidel Castro, who had overthrown American-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista. Instead, it gave Castro a military victory and a permanent symbol of Cuban resistance to American aggression.
April The attack begins in the early hours of a Saturday morning. The CIA-backed brigade of Cuban exiles sends eight B bombers from Nicara. The Bay of Pigs (Bah í a de Cochinos) is a small bay on the southern coast of Cuba that was invaded on April 17, by approximately 1, Cuban exiles organized and armed by the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
May 29, · The Bahia de Cochinos is, of course, where the U.S. staged a failed invasion of Cuba. Apr 18, · The Bay of Pigs Invasion The Bay of Pigs, Cuba Fifty-five years ago, more than a thousand Cuban exiles stormed the beaches at the Bay of Pigs, Cuba, intending to ignite an uprising that would overthrow the government of Fidel Castro.