Sport Mechanics Sport scientists work in the field of biomechanics, a discipline that assesses the effects of forces on humans and, vice versa, the effects of forces that humans apply. A high jumper fights against gravity just as a person climbing stairs or a plane taking off does.
During the past 3 decades, a growing body of research has documented the psychological antecedents and consequences of sport injury. Psychological factors have been found to play important roles in the occurrence of, and recovery from, sport injury. Factors moderating the stress-injury relationship include social support, coping skills, and personality.
Although age is one of several demographic factors thought to influence psychological responses to sport injury, age analyses have been reported in relatively few studies of the psychological consequences of sport injury.
There are, however, compelling reasons for adopting a developmental perspective in examining psychological issues associated with sport-injury rehabilitation. First, the risk for sport injury varies across the life span. Fourth, developmental differences in athletic identity 12 and other factors may influence how athletes respond to injury.
The purpose of the collection of articles that follows is to examine the developmental effects on various aspects of sport-injury rehabilitation.
Three of the articles pertain to issues associated with surgery and rehabilitation after an acute tear of the anterior cruciate ligament ACLone of the more prevalent and debilitating sport injuries. Several key differences between adults and adolescents in presurgical cognitive, emotional, and behavioral variables are highlighted.
Adolescents reported significantly more pain, state anxiety, and catastrophizing than adults at 24 hours postsurgery.
Age is shown to moderate the relationship between psychological factors and 2 kinds of adherence home exercise completion and home cryotherapy completion. Older patients were more adherent when they were self-motivated and perceived high levels of social support, whereas younger patients were more adherent when they were highly invested in the athlete role as a source of self-worth.
The findings support previous research with adults indicating that athletes commonly experience features of posttraumatic distress after sport injury.
Suggestions for future directions in developmental research and practice in the psychological aspects of sport-injury rehabilitation are presented.
Together, the articles demonstrate the potential advantages of examining developmental differences when investigating psychological responses to sport injury.
Not only may individuals differ in postinjury cognition, emotion, and behavior as a function of their age, but the relationships among psychological and other rehabilitation variables may also vary by age. Just as maturation is a common consideration when evaluating the physical ramifications of sport injury, so, too, should it be considered when evaluating the psychological ramifications of sport injury.
I hope that this collection of articles will serve as a springboard for further developmental inquiry on the psychological aspects of sport injury and will stimulate the development, evaluation, and eventual implementation of age-appropriate psychological interventions to facilitate the recovery and enhance the experience of athletes with injuries.
Its contents are solely the responsibility of the author and do not represent the official views of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Psychology of sport injury rehabilitation.
Handbook of Sport Psychology. Psychology of injury risk and prevention. Psychological interventions in sport injury prevention and rehabilitation.
J Appl Sport Psychol. Sports injuries and stress management:After going through the research and expert opinion, we can conclude that arch support is not a quick fix for injuries, pronation, or performance related issues.
However, it can help in specific conditions or injuries, especially custom orthotics prescribed by qualified experts.
∘ Some may reenter the same sport or participate in a different sport in the future. health and body composition and potentially reduce sport-related injuries. ,– It is now well established and risk of lower limb joint injury during sport: a systematic review with meta-analysis.
Am J Sports Med. ;– The players identified three surface related risk factors on FT, which they related to injuries and greater recovery times: 1) Greater surface stiffness 2) Greater surface friction 3) Larger metabolic cost to playing on artificial grounds.
Overall, 94% of the players chose FT as the surface most likely to increase the risk of sustaining an injury.
Transcript of Lesson 1: Unit 18 - Sports Injuries (Risk Factors) Unit 18 - Sports Injuries Learning Objectives LO1: All of you will be able to describe both intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors in relation to sport (P1). Key phrases will be around the room related to sports injuries and 'risk factors'.
The influence of psychological factors on sports injuries has been demonstrated in numerous empirical studies. Almost all investigations have been based on stress theory or a personality-profile approach. Although the majority of studies have employed different methods, the results are in general agreement that “life events” can influence the risk .
player or surface), ball activity, other activity, and soccer specific. Soccer specific movements have been included as a separate category as the.