History[ edit ] Ten years after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environmenta number of global environmental challenges had clearly not been adequately addressed.
Malcolm Cayley The Brundtland Report: To this end the Brundtland Report struck back with a revolutionary message of action. The first examines the various successes and failures surrounding sustainable development, the interconnected nature of the crisis, a definition of sustainable development, and the holes currently limiting the ability of institutions to target the problems ibid, The second examines policy, including population and human resources, food security, species and ecosystems, sustainable energy, industrial productivity, and the urban environment ibid, The Brundtland Report walks a fine line.
On the other, it reflects the reform approach, asserting that existing mechanisms for interaction with the ecosystem require adjustment ibid; Hopwood et al43, In order to reform, there is a mandate towards the creation and use of resource efficient technology to benefit humanity, the economy, and the environment for generations to come Hopwood et al Based on the political discourse and the opinions of interest groups at the time, it seems likely this approach was used pragmatically to argue the utility of sustainability through slight changes to existing mechanisms, allowing these now robust mechanisms to achieve sustainability.
Designed to chart a course to sustainable development, the Brundtland Report was the end result of a nine-hundred day project.
Heavy influenced by the neoliberal economic climate of the time, the now famous definition given by the Brundtland Report on sustainable development is that it must provide for the needs of the present, while not jeopardising intergenerational equity WCED; Hopwood et al39; Appleton4.
Rather than isolated issues to be handled separately, the Report argues for the interrelated and interconnected nature of the three, calling for a complete government and business approach, not individual departments WCED But the traditional ideals of rampant growth were reconceptualised.
In doing so, the diverse array of stakeholders in government and business were able to understand and agree with the Report for its merits Hopwood et al By remaining within the spectrum of status quo and seeking to alter it, the Report laid the framework for further convincing sustainable development arguments ibid.
Finally, the report clearly defines what it considers sustainability and sustainable development to mean, attempting to put an end to the constant bickering between various interests groups Jacobs However, such a definition remains fundamentally contested by those same interest groups ibid.
The appeal of the hybrid status quo-reform perspective cloaks it in relentless ambiguity. Furthermore, within the definition of sustainability and sustainable development there is much to discuss Jacobs First, there are the technocratic questions related to operationalising the concepts.
These axiological questions seem to leave the Report with a politically appealing obscurity.
The extent of the Report, and its mandates, leaves it floating in an ambitious ocean of vagueness. From issues as diverse as population, indigenous peoples, and urban development, the Report takes a haphazard stance WCEDpassim.
In doing so it might have bitten off more than it can chew.ANALYSIS Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world Chris Sneddona,*, Richard B. Howarthb, Richard B.
Norgaardc aEnvironmental Studies Program and Department of Geography, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH , USA bEnvironmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH , USA cEnergy and . In April , Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Norwegian Prime Minister, presented to the UN the result of the World Commission on Environment and Development she had been chairing for the past three years.
The World Commission on Environment and Development presented its report to the world at a press conference in London, England on 27 April The report examines the critical issues of. In , the Brundtland Commission published the first volume of “Our Common Future,” the organization’s main report.
“ Our Common Future ” strongly influenced the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in and the third UN Conference on Environment and Development in Johannesburg, South Africa, in Brundtland Report, also called Our Common Future, publication released in by the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) that introduced the concept of sustainable development and described how it could be achieved.
Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world Chris Sneddon a, *, Richard B. Howarth b, Richard B. Norgaard c a Environmental Studies Program and Department of Geography, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH , USA.